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Qi Baishi (January 1, 1864 - September 16, 1957), native of Anhui Province, Dangshan, was born in Changsha, Hunan Xiangtan (now Hunan Xiangtan).
Formerly known as pure Chi, the word Wei, No. Lanting. After renamed Juan, the word end of life, No. Whitehead, Whitehead Hill Weng, old Ping, hungry old man, by the mountain Yin Museum Lord, send Ping Tong old man, three hundred stone inscriptions.
Is a modern Chinese painting master, world cultural celebrity. Early years for the carpentry, after the painting for a living, after the age of fifty-five settled in Beijing. Good at flowers and birds, insect fish, landscapes, figures, ink vigorous moisturizing, bright colors bright and bright, simple and vivid shape, the mood is simple and honest. Made fish and shrimp insect crab, days interesting.
Qi Baishi book seal, take the seal in the Qin and Han Dynasties, the book Rao ancient Zhuo of interest, seal a self, a good writing poetry. Former honorary professor of the Central Academy of Fine Arts, chairman of the Chinese Artists Association and other staff. Representative of the "frog ten miles out of the spring" "shrimp" and so on. Author of "Whitehead poetry grass" "White stone old man read" and so on.
January 1, 1864 (lunar calendar year in 1863 winter twenty-two days), Qi Baishi was born in Changsha, Hunan Xiang Xiangtan white stone shop apricot dock star dish pond. Name pure Chi, the word Wei Qing, and word Lanting. 27-year-old renamed Juan, word frequency students, alias white stone mountain people, and also send garden.
In 1870, from the grandfather Zhou Yu if reading, commonly used books, books thin paper painting.
In 1878, thanks to the United States as a teacher to learn carved carpenter. Do carpentry, to the residual "mustard garden" as a teacher, learning flowers and birds, figure painting.
In 1888, thanks to folk artists Xiao Xiang 陔 portrait for the teacher painting.
In 1889, thanks to Hu Patio, Chen Shao Fan as a teacher poetry, was Hu Qinyuan help, from the woodworker life, study painting, portrait for the family.
In 1894, and Wang Zhongyan and other seven knot "Longshan Poetry Society", was elected president. And after Li Songan Temple and other knot "Luoshan Poetry Society", together with poetry, painting, carved stone.
In 1899, thanks to Xiangtan celebrities Wang Kaiyun as a teacher to learn poetry. With the first annual publication of the printed map "send garden printed", printing Ding Jing, Huang Yi, sophisticated rules, can be true.
In 1900, living in the lotus peak under the Mei Gongci, claiming to "Bai Mei book house", and in the hospital built a small house, the name "by the mountain museum." Committed to painting, poetry.
In 1902, at the invitation of Xia Yi Yi, went to Xi'an to teach. In Xi'an to get to know Fan Fan Shan, do the view of the possession of eight mountains, Jinnong and other famous painting and calligraphy. Is the year, the flowers and birds of a unique style, embarked on a freehand painting path.
In 1903, from Xi'an to Beijing, met Zeng Xi, Li Ruquan, etc., during the summer afternoon Yi Yi proposed to the Empress Dowager Cixi recommended Qi Baishi to do the inner court, Summer, from Beijing to Shanghai, back to Hunan, this is the "five out of five" for the first time travel.
In 1904, with Wang Kaiyun went to Jiangxi, travel Lushan, Nanchang and other places, published "white stone grass clothing character carved", Wang Kaiyun for its order.
In 1905, went to Guangxi, tour Guilin. And Cai E, Huang Xing acquaintance.
In 1906, after the Spring Festival, Wuzhou by the Guangzhou to Qinzhou, Guo Baosheng left its teaching. Enjoy the possession of Guo Xu Wei, eight, Jinnong famous authentic. Work with paintings, during which often Guo Dai pen. Autumn, back to Xiangtan, to teach painting salary to buy the old house and dozens of acres of paddy fields.
1907, the spring and summer of the turn, then go to Qinzhou, tour Zhaoqing, Duanxi. Winter, back to Xiangtan.
In 1908, spring went to Guangzhou. Is the year, only to live back to Xiangtan a few days, the rest of the time spent in Guangzhou.
In 1909, after the Spring Festival in Guangzhou, after Qinzhou. Early summer to Shanghai, to sell paintings for a living. Between summer and autumn, travel Suzhou. To visit Nanjing Li Meiyan, for its governance tripartite. October return to Xiangtan, thus ending the "five out of five" travel far life. Then in the home repair "send Ping Church", began 8 years of mountain life, painstakingly painted poetry. On the eight mountain people, stone Tao flowers and more paintings, the brush more concise, but the grass insects sketch, more work, or to write out of the free. Calligraphy learn gold farmers, get their marrow.
In 1917, to avoid the bandits to Beijing. Is to catch up with "Zhang Xun restoration", rush to Tianjin asylum. The situation is slightly scheduled, return to Beijing, in the glass factory south of the paper shop hanging Runge painting. Period and old friends Fan Fan Shan, Xia Wu Yi, Guo Baosheng and other contacts very close. And meet Chen Shizeng, Yao Mang father, Chen and so on. Which has been set with Chen Shi, Qi Bai Shi had a great impact on old age. Is the winter, leaving Beijing to return to Hunan, rural one year.
In 1919, married with Hu Baozhu, from Beijing.
In 1923, Chen Shi had died in Nanjing, several times poems mourning friends. 1925, spring, serious illness, personnel do not know seven days and nights. Waiting for more than a month, stop painting, engraved. Mei Lanfang officially apprenticeship painting.
In 1926, the mother and father died one after another. Twice to stop painting, engraved.
In 1927, at the invitation of Lin Fengmian, taught at the Beijing Art College.
1928, the printing of "white stone poetry grass" "by the mountain museum poetry grass" (handwritten copy)
1933, printed "white stone poetry grass" (eight volumes of printed)
1936, travel Sichuan. In the Chuan know Huang Binhong.
In 1937, listen to Changsha Shu Yi on the fortune-telling said, with the deceived, since the 77-year-old. In July, Peiping fall, feeling grievous, easy to see customers.
In 1940, the lunar month, his wife died in Chen Junchun, wrote "Lady Chen" text. To resist the Japanese and traitors harassment cable painting, posted "painting does not sell and official home" confession, declined to see customers.
In 1944 January, following the room Hu Baozhu died. In June, refused to Peiping Art assigned to coal.
In 1946, the end of the war, complex and then in the glass factory hanging Runge, restore the sale of engraving. In October, go to Nanjing, Shanghai to do the exhibition, more than 200 paintings all sold, bring back a bundle of "French", as waste paper, actually can not buy 10 bags of flour.
In January 1949, Beiping liberated. To attend the premier reception of Chou Enlai. For Mao Zedong carved stone two sides. As honorary professor of the Central Academy of Fine Arts.
In 1950, he was hired as a librarian. In April, had dinner with Mao Zedong, Zhu De to accompany. In October, the 82-year-old made the "eagle" and seal book couplet "sea for the dragon world, the cloud is the crane home" presented Mao Zedong. To participate in the Beijing "anti-Korean aid painting and calligraphy exhibition". Winter, for the "People's Daily" painting "peace dove" In February 1951, more than 10 paintings to participate in Shenyang City, "the Korean War Painting and Calligraphy Exhibition".
In 1952, with three days, for the Beijing Asia-Pacific Regional Peace Conference to create a huge two "white and peace dove." In the same year, many works entitled "Peace Victory" and "Peaceful Long Live".
January 7, 1953, Beijing cultural and art circles more than 200 people to participate in "Qi Baishi 90 birthday celebration", the Ministry of Culture awarded Qi Baishi outstanding people artist title. Zhou Enlai attended the evening celebration banquet. Served as chairman of the Beijing Chinese Painting Research Association in October, was elected chairman of the first Chinese Artists Association Council.
April 28, 1954, the Chinese Artists Association in the Palace Museum held "Qi Baishi painting exhibition" in August, was elected to the National People's Congress. September 15, attended the first National People's Congress.
June 1955, and Chen Min Ding, He Xiangning and other 14 painters for the World Peace Assembly cooperation huge "peace"
April 27, 1956, the World Peace Council announced the grant of Qi Baishi International Peace Prize, September 1, held a grand ceremony in Beijing. Premier Zhou Enlai personally congratulated.
May 15, 1957, served as honorary president of Beijing Chinese Painting Academy. 5 - June, for the last piece of work "Peony". September 16, died at the Beijing hospital. September 22 morning in Jiaxing Temple held a public offering, Premier Zhou Enlai and other central leaders participated in the public offering.
In 1963, Qi Baishi was selected as one of the world's top ten cultural celebrities. (Note: the network confirmed that the world's top ten cultural celebrities and no Qi Baishi, the world's top ten cultural celebrities: Confucius, Plato, Aristotle, Copernicus, Newton, Darwin, Bacon, Aquinas, Voltaire, Kant.)