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Li Bai (701 years - 762 years), the word Taibai, No. Qinglian lay, and also "immortal immortal", is the Tang Dynasty great romantic poet, was later known as "poetry cents", and Du Fu and called "Lee Du ", in order to and the other two poets Li Shangyin and Du Mu that" Xiao Li Du "distinction, Du Fu and Li Bai and collectively known as" big Li Du ". Its hearty and generous, love to drink poetry, hi friends.
Li Bai was deeply influenced by Huang Laozhuangzhuang's thought, and "Li Taibai set" handed down. Many poems were written in the poems. The representative works were "Lushan Falls", "Difficulty", "Shu Road Difficult", " "," Liang Fu Yin "," early white city "and so many first.
Li Bai's poems, the Song has been biographies (such as Wenying "Xiangshan wild recorded" volume), its creation of meaning and artistic achievements, "Li Bai word" enjoys a very high status.
Thoughts in the Still of the Night
A pool of moonlight before the bed,
Took it to be frost on the ground.
Raised my head to gaze at the moon,
And lowered it to think of home.
Chang'an first year (701 years), Li Bai, the word Taibai. Its habitat is generally considered to be Tang Jiannan Road Mianzhou (Brazil County) Changlong (after the Xuanzong taboo to Changming) Qinglian Township. Ancestral home for the Gansu Tianshui. Its family background, the family are unknown According to the "New Book of Tang" records, Li Bai for the holy emperor (Liang Wuzhao Wang Li Hao) nine sun, according to this argument Li Bai and Li Tang Zhu Tong, is the emperor Taishou Li Shimin fellow villagers. Also said that his ancestors are Li Jiancheng or Li Yuanji.
Dragon first year (705 years), November, Wu Zetian died. Li Bai five years old. Mongolian reading began in the year. "On the Anzhou Pei long history book" cloud: "five-year-old recite six." Liujia, Tang Dynasty primary school literacy textbooks, long history, state of the official.
Kaiyuan three years (715 years), Li Bai fifteen years old. There are many poems, and get some celebrities respected and reward, began to engage in social activities. Also began to accept the influence of Taoist thought, good swordsmanship, hi Ren Xia. Is the year Cen Shen students.
Kaiyuan six years (718 years), Li Bai eighteen years old. Seclusion Dai Daxia mountain (in this province of Jiangyou County, Sichuan Province) study. Travel to the next county, has travel Jiangyou, Jiange, Zi state (state in this Sichuan province) and other places, an increase of a lot of experience and knowledge.
Kaiyuan twelve years (724 years), Li Bai twenty-four years old. Leaving the hometown and set foot on the journey. And then travel to Chengdu, Emei Mountain, and then boat trip east to Yuzhou (now Chongqing).
Kaiyuan thirteen years (725 years), Li Bai out of Shu, "sword to go abroad, resign from the tour."
Kaiyuan fourteen years (726 years), Li Bai twenty-six years old. Spring to Yangzhou (now Yangzhou City, Jiangsu Province). Autumn, sick lying in Yangzhou. Winter, from Yangzhou North Run Ruzhou (now Henan Province Linru County), to Anlu (now Hubei Province Anlu County). Passing through Chenzhou and Li Yong met. Get acquainted with Meng Haoran.
Kaiyuan fifteen years (727 years), is the edict of "civil civil and military high who can go to the court self recommended." Autumn, the country sixty-three state floods, seventeen state frost drought. Li Bai twenty-seven years old. Living in the Lu Lushan, and the so-called prime minister Xu Yu's granddaughter married, home in Anlu. Is the year Wang Changling Jinshi and the first.
Kaiyuan sixteen years (728 years), Tubo repeated invasion. Li Bai twenty-eight years old. Early spring, travel Jiangxia (now Wuhan City, Hubei Province), and Meng Haoran meet in Sri Lanka.
Kaiyuan seventeen years (729), August 5, Emperor Xuanzong for his forty birthday to celebrate a grand celebration, and August 5 each year for the autumn festival. Edict the world state banquet music, vacation three days. To Yuwen financial management of the national financial resources, mandatory tax law, widely gathered for the use of the court luxury. Li Bai twenty-nine years old. In Anlu.
Kaiyuan eighteen years (730), Li Bai three years old. Spring in Anlu. Before this has repeatedly seen the state Pei long history, because of slander, in the recent confession, eventually rejected. Early summer, to Chang'an, Ye Zhai Zhang said, and get to know his son Zhang. Living in the end of Nanshan Yuzhen Princess (mysterious imperial sister) Museum. But also watched the other minister, no results. Twilight autumn tour Xing state (in the west of Chang'an). Winter tour of the state (in the north of Chang'an). Du Fu nine years old, travel in Jin (now Shanxi Province).
Kaiyuan nineteen years (731 years), Xuanzong many eunuchs, especially pet high-power, when the Quartet play, are the first high-power decision. In October, Xuanzong driving Luoyang. Li Bai thirty-one years old. (Now Henan Province, Kaifeng City), to Song City (now Shangqiu County, Henan Province). It is located in Chang'an City, Chang'an City, Chang'an City, Chang'an City, Autumn to the mountain of one of the five mountains of the mountain (for the county of Dengfeng County, Henan Province), love the Friends of the Dan Qiu Shan where the mountain, by the meaning of seclusion. Late autumn, stay Luoyang.
Kaiyuan twenty years (732 years), in October, Xuanzong to Luoyang to the north (now Shanxi Province area) area patrol, edict to patrol to the local officials can be directly to the court recommended. November, to the north of Taiyuan (Tang Dynasty founding of the land), worship after the soil (land God), amnesty world. In December, returned to Luoyang. The annual number of households is 7,686,126, with a population of 454,322,255, the highest ever recorded. Li Bai is thirty years old. Since the spring in summer in Luoyang, and meteors, Cui Chengfu get to know. Autumn, from Luoyang to Anlu. Passing through Nanyang (now Nanyang City, Henan Province), to meet Cui Zongzhi. Winter, yuan played from Luoyang to Anlu visit, two with Suizhou (now with the county in Hubei Province). Years old, home home Anlu.
Kaiyuan twenty-one years (733), the first month, Tang Xuanzong pro-Laozi "Tao Te Ching". So that the world Shi Shu (very low status of the people and the common people) home possession of a book, Mei Niangong when the test "I" policy. In March, Han Xiu with the book under the door of the chapter (prime minister). May, Zhang Jiuling with the book under the door of the chapter. Two people are honest, dare to force remonstrance, especially in the literary ability of Zhang Jiuling, moral articles, for the world by the heavy. Divided into the world for the fifteen, the interview (to monitor the supervision of the area under the jurisdiction of the political and other items), is the long-term long rain, the capital of hunger, edict to put Taicang meters two million stone to the people. Li Bai thirty-three years old. Building stone room in Anlu Bai Zhaoshan peach blossom rock. Open mountain field, day to farming, reading for life.
Kaiyuan twenty-two years (734), the first month, Tang Xuanzong patrol Luoyang. February, Qinzhou (now Gansu Tianshui County, southwest) earthquake, housing collapsed, collapse exhausted, more than four thousand people die. Sign the marsh claiming born in Yao when the priest Mr. Zhang Guo, Xuan Zong kiss to cure the gods of the surgery. (Yin Ping Department of the Department of the blue to the slow, that the high grade signs. Deputy), the paternity (Tang Men under the province to assist the prime minister to draft documents and other officials).
Journey to the West
Kaiyuan twenty-three years (AD 735), Xuanzong another hunting, just Li Bai also Journey to the West, took the opportunity to offer "big hunting", hoping to win the appreciation of the mysterious. His "big hunting" to map to "Avenue Kuang Jun, show weeks Bo", and "St. Zhao Yuan Chi Huang wasteland, bold and poor", a vast territory, the situation is very different from the previous generation, boast of the far Sheng Han Dynasty, and at the end of the Taoist teach the mysterious buried in order to meet the Xuanzong was advocating Taoist mood.
Is the year, Li Baijin Changan after the acquaintance of Wei Wei Zhang Qing, and through his gift to the princess Yu Zhen, the last two said, "when into the small room, the Queen should meet," is to wish her into immortal. Thus, he approached the upper level of the ruling class step by step. Li Bai this time in Changan also met Hezhizhang. Li Bai went to Purple Palace, where he met Hezhangzhang, immediately approached to meet, and was presented in the sleeve of the poem. He Zhizhang quite appreciate the "Shu Road difficult" and "Wu Qiqu". Li Bai magnificent poetry and chic dust of the style so that the incense of the book extremely surprised, actually said: "public and human life, is not too white stars fine?" He Zhizhang called him immortal immortal. Three years later, Li Bai issued a "difficult road, go back" sigh, leave Chang'an.
Thanks to the Hanlin
Tianbao the first year (AD 742), due to the Jade Princess and He Zhizhang of the mouth of praise, Xuanzong read Li Bai's poetry, its very admired, they called Li Bai into the palace. Li Bai into the palace to see that day, Xuanzong chariot step welcome, "to Qibao bed in the past, hand spoon." Xuanzong asked some of the affairs of the world, Li Bai half-life and long-term observation of the community, well-thought-out, such as flow. Xuanzong greatly appreciated, then Li Bai worship Hanlin, his job is to write poetry and entertainment to the emperor, accompanied by the emperor around. Xuanzong every banquet or picnic, will Li Bai attendants, the use of his agile poem, poetry poetry. Although not remember meritorious deeds, but also the spread of their text later, to flourishing descendants to show. Li Bai by the mysterious such letters, colleagues envy, but some people have produced a jealousy.
Tianbao two years (743 years), Li Bai forty-three years old. Imperial palace. Early spring, Xuanzong in the palace of music, Li Bai Feng Zhao as "official line of music", thanks Palace Jin Pao. Late spring, Xingqing peony in full bloom, Xuanzong and Yang Yuhuan with tours, Li Bai and Feng Zhao as "clear tone." On the Queen's life increasingly tired of life, since the vertical wine from the faint. And He Zhizhang and others knot "wine in the immortal" tour, Xuanzong call not toward the DPRK. Tasting in the edict drunk edict, cited enough to high boots off the boots, the palace people hate, slander in the mysterious, Xuanzong sparse.
Li Du acquaintance
Tianbao three years (AD 744) in the summer, Li Bai to the east of Luoyang. Here, he encountered the rubbing of Du Fu. The two greatest poets in the history of Chinese literature met. At this point, Li Bai has been famous throughout the country, and Du Fu Fenghua, but trapped in Los Angeles. Li Bai is ten years older than Du Fu, but he did not own his name in front of Du Fu haughty. And "sexual Hao also addicted to alcohol", "make all old cross" Du Fu, Li Bai did not blindly bow in front of praise. Two people in equal capacity, the establishment of a deep friendship. In Luoyang, they made an appointment next time in Liang Song (now Kaifeng, Shangqiu area) met, visit the immortal. The same year the fall, the two as about Liang Song. Two people in this expressive, by ancient commentary today. They are still here to meet the poet Gao He, Gao Shi at this time there is no Lu bit. However, the three have their ambitions, the same ideal. Three people swim very happy, comment on poetry, talk about the general trend of the world, are worried about the country's hidden dangers. At this time Li Du are worth the prime of life, the two people in the creation of the study on their future had a positive impact.
This year's autumn and winter, Li Du once again broke up. Li Bai to Qizhou (now Shandong Jinan area) Purple Palace, please Taoist Gao Tian Shi, such as your granted Tao, since he was officially fulfilled the Taoist ritual, a priest. Li Bai and then went to Texas An Lingxian, met this area with good write Talisman cover also, made for him the main Talisman. The visit to the immortal, Li Bai has been a perfect result.
Tianbao four years (AD 745) fall, Li Bai and Du Fu met in the East Lu for the third time. Just over a year, they meet twice, meet three times, confessed feelings continue to deepen. They went to visit a hermit, also went to Qizhou visited the well-known article home, calligrapher Li Yong. In this winter, Li Du two break up.
Anshi into the curtain
Tianbao fourteen years (AD 755 years), Anshi chaos broke out, Li Bai and his wife Zong a South Ben ashamed. Spring in the cast. Spirits Luoyang lost, the Central Plains Transcending, but since the Tu Cheng Xuancheng, refuge engraved (now Zhejiang Province, knee county). To the sun (now Luanyang County, Jiangsu Province), and Zhang Xu meet. The summer solstice. Wen Guo Yi, Li Guangbi victory in Hebei, and returned to Jinling. Autumn, Wen Xuanzong Ben Shu, then along the west of the Yangtze River, into the Lushan screen stacked seclusion.
To the first year of Germany (756), the first month, An Lushan in Luoyang claiming the great emperor. May, Guo Ziyi, Li Guangbi big broken Shi Siming, recovered more than ten counties in Hebei. In June, An Lushan led his troops to break Tongguan, captured brother Geshu Han.
To Germany two years (757 years), Li Bai fifty-seven years old. The first month, in the king of the military camp, as a group of poems "Yong Wang
East Tour song "to express the power to serve the country. Yong Wang unauthorized lead the East tour, leading to encirclement, defeated. Li Bai in Xunyang jail. Was Song Ruosi, Cui Huan rescue. Became Song Ruoxi's aide, wrote some text for the song, and follow him to Wuchang. Li Bai in the Song Ruosi under the very much attention, and to the name of the Song once again recommended to the court, hoping to once again get the court appointment. And finally to participate in the Yong Wang East tour was convicted of long flow Yelang (now Guizhou Tongzi). Du Fu forty-six years old, in April, from the thieves camp to escape, Ye Suzong in the wind Xiang, right to add the left.
Qian yuan the first year (758 years), April, Shi Siming anti. In May, Suzong took Zhang Hao prime minister, out of the history of Jingzhou big governor. In December, Shi Siming trapped Wei Zhou (now south of Hebei province). Li Bai fifty-eight years old. Li Bai from the sun, began to long flow Yelang, brother and brother were suspected to send. Late spring and early summer. Through the West Seattle (now Wuchang County East), to Jiangxia, visit the former residence of Li Yong, the Yellow Crane Tower, overlooking the Parrot Island. Autumn to Jiangling, winter into the Three Gorges. Du Fu was forty-seven years old, for the Department of Chinese power army.
Qian Yuan two years (759 years), the court due to Guanzhong encounter drought, announced amnesty, the deceased from the flow, flow below the full pardon. Li Bai after a long period of movement, and finally get free. He immediately drove down the Yangtze River, and that the famous "early white city" best reflected his feelings at the time. To Jiangxia, because the old friends are doing good local slaves, Li Bai will stay for a while. Qianyuan two years, Li Bai should be invited by friends, once again with the demeanor of Jia to boo the moon in the Dongting on the above, hair of the ancient love, poetry poetry. Soon, back to Xuancheng, Jinling old tour of the land. Almost two years time, he traveled between the two places, still according to people for a living.
Shangyuan two years (761 years), has 60 early Li Bai returned to Jinling due to illness. In Jinling, his life is quite embarrassed, forced to go to the pawn in the pawn of the county magistrate Li Yang ice.
Shangyuan three years (762 years), Li Bai seriously ill, in the sick on the manuscript to the Li Yangbing, Fu "dying song" and died.
About Li Bai's death, has always been different opinions, no consensus. Overall can be summarized as three kinds of death law: one is drunk, the other is dead, the third is drowned. The first kind of dead law see the "old book", said Li Bai "to drink too much, drunk died in Xuancheng"; the second death law also see other positive history or experts and scholars of the textual research. Said Li Guangbi East when the town of Huai, Li Bai regardless of 61-year-old age, heard the news to the enemy, I hope in the twilight of the year, to save the country's dangerous efforts, due to illness to return, the next year died in Dangxu magistrate, Tang On behalf of the most famous seal book Li Yangbing Department; and the third law of death more common folklore, very romantic, that Li Bai in the Tujiang drinking, drunk jump into the water and drowned, and the poet's character is very consistent The But no matter what kind of death law, because of participation in Yong Wang Li Lin property countervailing has a direct relationship. Because Li Bai exile Yelang, case of amnesty also soon after, to end his legendary and rough life, this is an indisputable fact.