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Emily Jane Bronte (July 30, 1818 - December 1948), 19th century British writer and poet, one of the famous Bronte three sisters, world literature masterpiece "Wuthering Heights "author. This work is the only novel in Emily Bronte's life, and has laid her in the history of British literature and the history of world literature. In addition, she also created 193 poems, is considered a British genius female writer.
Emily Bronte was born in Yorkshire near Bradford's Thornton, his parents for Patrick Brontë (1777-1861) and Maria Branwell. Emily in the Bronte couple 6 children ranked fifth (the eldest daughter of Mary, the second daughter Elizabeth, three daughter Charlotte, only son of Blancell, the following is Emily and daughter daughter An) Is Charlotte Bronte's sister and Anne Bronte's sister. Father Patrick was originally an Irish country pastor. Because Patrick Bronte began his long pastor in Havos since 1819, the Bronte family moved to Havos in April 1820, and the cultural feelings of the three sisters of the Bronte were in such an environment Began to sprout.
Emily's father is a radical Conservative, like reading, talking about politics at home. By the influence of his father, four sisters full of sense of justice, sympathy around the poor, but also to develop a good reading habits, night, they often read and write poetry, fooling stories to send lonely time. At this time, Emily always behaved quietly. However, the heart she is passionate and unrestrained, for many things have their own unique insights.
In their mother Maria in 1821 after the death of cancer, the young Bronte three sisters and their brothers Patrick Brunwell Bronte (Patrick Branwell Bronte) in their work to create a fantasy country (Including Anglia, Gondar, Gaaldine, Oceania). These fantasies turned out to be one of the main features of their work, but only a few of the works of Emily in this period were preserved.
Like other sisters, Emily is strong and capable. After the mother died a long period of time, the family income is very small, the three sisters had to go abroad to make a living, to teach or do tutor to subsidize the family. In 1846, the three sisters raised a pseudonym to publish a poem, the results sold only two. In 1847, the three sisters' novel "Jane Eyre", "Wuthering Heights", "Egnice Gray" was finally published, however, only "Jane Eyre" was successful and received the attention of the literary world at that time. And "Wuthering Heights" is not understood by the readers at the time.
In September 1848, the three sisters of the only brother of Brandeville due to long-term alcoholism, drug abuse and died. In the spirit of the escape, Emily because of mercy and sadness, the body is also rapidly weakened, and in the same year in December died. The later writers of the world famous literary world so quietly left her indifferent to the world.
Emily's sister Charlotte Bronte's biographer said that Emily was born independent, open-minded, innocent, fortunate, passionate and introverted. She is quite masculine, love their own growth between the wilderness, usually in the solitary solitude, remove the brothers and sisters, the best and the natural friendship. From her poems and the behavior of life, are all of her cosmos and cosmology of the performance of life, some people therefore regarded her as a mystic. In fact, the relationship between man and nature, has always been an important proposition in the history of human civilization, Emily is only step on behalf of the philosopher, hermit, scientists, artists, through life and creation, personally to explore the relationship between man and nature.
As Emily's life experience is short, she is neither fully educated in the system, nor the actual experience of love marriage, people for her to write "Wuthering Heights" such a profound unique love chant has also puzzled. Bronte sisters encourage each other, learn from each other to read and write for the music, which greatly dilute the material shortage of pain, but also cultivate their writing skills.
Emily 's writing, starting from the poem, she began to write the poem "Gondel' s Legends" in the sixteen and seven years before the creation of Wuthering Heights. "Gondal" This poem fictional Gondor United Kingdom a member of the country princess Josina, and finally become the legend of the Queen of the United Kingdom, the poem describes the life of Joshua in full swing love and vigorous performance. This is a romantic portrait of a heroic legend. She also created a number of short poems, now see, only two hundred poems. Regardless of their own artistic value, these words at least is the creation of "Wuthering Heights" this immortal for the benefit of the preparation. In other words, she wrote "Wuthering Heights", is that she wrote poetry to continue. Her poetry, sincere, magnificent, rough, deep, high-Lang, which is "Wuthering Heights" style.